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Army Medical Service Corps celebrates 99 years of service

| AMEDDC&S Public Affairs | July 15, 2016

Joint Base San Antonio-Fort Sam Houston —

The U.S. Army Medical Department Center and School, or AMEDDC&S, Medical Service Corps, or MSC, celebrated 99 years of service with a cake cutting ceremony June 30 at the U.S. Army Medical Department Museum at Fort Sam Houston.

Retired Col. Greg Griffin, former AMEDD Leader Training Center chief, reflected on the past and forthcoming innovations of the MSC and Army Medicine.

Griffin later cut the ceremonial cake, joined by the most junior MSC officer, 2nd Lt. Hannah Martinez, a Basic

Officer Leadership Course student, and the most senior MSC officer, Lt. Col. Marion Jefferson, AMEDDC&S MSC deputy corps chief.

The U.S. Army Medical Service Corps traces its history back to the U.S. Revolutionary War with the appointment of an Apothecary General and continued during the Civil War with establishment of an Ambulance Corps and U.S. Army Medical storekeepers.

During World War I, the requirement for a considerable number of officers who were neither physicians, dentists nor veterinarians, resulted in formation of the Sanitary Corps June 30, 1917.

This corps modernized the medical department with officers in a wide variety of administrative and scientific specialties. The unbroken chain, from June 30, 1917 to June 30, 2017, links the Sanitary Corps as the oldest direct antecedent of the MSC.

The Sanitary Corps was demobilized following the end of World War I. During the inter-war years, it became clear that the Army needed a permanent medical ancillary organization. This led to the establishment of the Medical Administrative Corps, or MAC, June 4, 1920.

Growth during World War II was aggressive. The MAC increased from less than 100 officers in 1939 to more than 22,000 by 1945. These officers freed up physicians for patient care responsibilities by occupying an expanded variety of positions.

A third precursor of the MSC, the Pharmacy Corps, was established as a Regular Army branch July 12, 1943. Finally, on Aug. 4, 1947, the new U.S. Army Medical Service Corps replaced the separate Sanitary, Administrative and Pharmacy Corps.

For more information the visit the AMEDDC&S and U.S. Army Medical Department Medical Service Corps websites at http://www.cs.amedd.army.mil/ and http://medicalservicecorps.amedd.army.mil/.